Oslo: The Philippine government said on Monday it hoped to reach a peace deal with communist guerrillas within a year, as the two sides kicked off talks in Norway aimed at ending one of Asia's longest insurgencies.
"On the part of the (government) panel, we have imposed a timeline of nine to 12 months," Silvestre Bello, the government delegation's head of negotiations, told reporters.
The government and the rebels hope to breathe new life into the peace process by discussing simultaneously the outstanding issues of social and economic reforms, political and constitutional changes, and an end to hostilities.
Previous peace talks have addressed one issue at a time.
"With this new approach we are quite confident that we will be able to achieve our timetable," Bello said.
President Rodrigo Duterte, who took office on June 30, has made the resumption of talks with the rebels one of his top priorities.
He has even floated the possibility of forming a coalition government with them.
The head of the rebel delegation, Luis Jalandoni, confirmed the timetable but was more cautious in his optimism about reaching a political settlement after 30 years of failed talks.
"I think we will try to do it in one year but it might take a little more time because the negotiations on social and economic reforms could take more time," he told AFP.
"It's more complicated than some may think," he said.
Established in December 1968, the Communist Party of the Philippines launched a rebellion three months later that has so far claimed the lives of 30,000 people, according to official estimates.
'Many false dawns'
Its armed faction, the New People's Army (NPA), is now believed to have fewer than 4,000 gunmen, down from a peak of 26,000 in the 1980s, when a bloodless revolt ended the 20-year dictatorship of late president Ferdinand Marcos.
But the movement retains support among the poor in rural areas, and its forces regularly kill police officers or troops while extorting money from local businesses.
There have been many false dawns in the peace process, most recently in 2011 when the previous administration of Benigno Aquino and the communists said following talks they believed peace could be attained in 18 months.
However the peace process slowly crumbled as the Aquino government refused to release jailed communist rebel leaders.
This time, the two sides agreed to ceasefires from Sunday to create a conducive environment for the talks in Oslo.
The rebels declared a seven-day unilateral truce hours after Duterte's decision to free its top jailed leaders last week.
Some of those rebels flew to Oslo to take part in the negotiations, which are due to wrap up on Friday.
The government responded by saying it would restore a unilateral ceasefire that was declared in July but abruptly withdrawn by Duterte just days later after a rebel ambush.
The government has said its ceasefire will last for as long as necessary to bring peace.
'Differences to overcome'
The communists said their own ceasefire would only last until August 27, but a rebel statement said they were willing to discuss a longer truce with Manila.
However, this would only be possible after the government freed all 550 guerrillas detained by the government, the rebels said.
"We expect the realisation of the amnesty proclamation to release all political prisoners as a necessary incentive for the ceasefire between the two parties," rebel delegation head Jalandoni said on Monday.
"The road to peace will have its humps and bumps. It will not be easy even if we try to accelerate," he said.
Norway, which has been acting as intermediary for the peace process since 2001, hailed the hopeful atmosphere today, as delegates from the two sides laughed and hugged.
"We know that there are...challenging issues to discuss and differences to overcome in the coming days and in the process ahead," Norwegian Foreign Minister Borge Brende said.
"We sincerely hope that you will make (progress) for the benefit of the people of the Philippines."...