McAfee released a new research study titled Enterprise Supernova: The Data Dispersion Cloud Adoption and Risk Report. The results describe the broad distribution of data across devices and the cloud, highlighting critical gaps for enterprise security. Seventy-nine per cent of companies surveyed store sensitive data in the public cloud. While these companies approve an average of 41 cloud services each, up 33 per cent from last year, thousands of other services are used ad-hoc without vetting. In addition, 52 per cent of companies use cloud services that have had user data stolen in a breach. By leaving significant gaps into the visibility of their data, organizations leave themselves open to loss of sensitive data and to regulatory non-compliance.
Cloud services have replaced many business-critical applications formerly run as on-premises software, leading to a migration of sensitive data to the cloud. Use of personal devices when accessing cloud services, the movement of data between cloud services, and the sprawl of high-risk cloud services drive new areas of risk for companies using the cloud. For organizations to secure their data they need a thorough understanding of where their data is and how it is shared—especially with the rapid adoption of cloud services. As part of this report, McAfee surveyed 1,000 enterprise organizations in 11 countries and investigated anonymized events from 30 million enterprise cloud users to gain a holistic view of modern data dispersion.
Enterprise Supernova: The Data Dispersion Cloud Adoption and Risk Report also reveal the following:
- Shadow IT continues to expand enterprise risk: According to the study, 26 per cent of files in the cloud contain sensitive data, an increase of 23 per cent year-over-year. Ninety-one per cent of cloud services do not encrypt data at rest; meaning data isn’t protected if the cloud provider is breached.
- Personal devices are black holes: Seventy-nine per cent of companies allow access to enterprise-approved cloud services from personal devices. One in four companies has had their sensitive data downloaded from the cloud to an unmanaged, personal device, where they can’t see or control what happens to the data.
- Intercloud travel opens new paths to risk: Collaboration facilitates the transfer of data within and between cloud services, creating a new challenge for data protection. Forty-nine per cent of files that enter a cloud service are eventually shared. One in 10 files that contain sensitive data and are shared in the cloud use a publicly accessible link to the file, an increase of 111 per cent year-over-year.
- A new era of data protection is on the horizon: Ninety-three per cent of CISOs understand it’s their responsibility to secure data in the cloud. However, 30 per cent of companies lack the staff with skills to secure their Software-as-a-Service applications, up 33 per cent from last year. Both technology and training are outpaced by the rapid expansion of cloud.