Sadia Dehlvi is a Delhi-based writer and author of Sufism: The Heart of Islam. She can be contacted at sadiafeedback@gmail.com

Mystic Mantra: Khusrau - A true son of soil

Published Jun 23, 2018, 12:21 am IST
Updated Jun 23, 2018, 12:22 am IST
Amir Khusrau is remembered as one of the founders of the syncretic traditions of Hindustani culture.
Amir Khusrau (Photo: Google)
 Amir Khusrau (Photo: Google)

Hazrat Nizamuddin would often say, “Khusrau, pray for my life for you will not survive me long”. Amir Khusrau, the beloved disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya breathed his last exactly six months after his spiritual master’s veiled himself from this world. This Islamic month marks the 715th death anniversary of Amir Khusrau.  In the year 1325, while in Be-ngal with the army of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq, a sudden sadness came over Khusrau’s heart and he sought permission to return to Delhi. Learning of the death of his master, Khusrau shrieked, “The sun has gone down and Khusrau is still alive.” Khusrau blackened his face, tore his garments and laying his face on the tomb of his master, recited his last verse. “Gori sove sej par, mukh par dare kes, Chal Khusrau ghar aapne, rain bahi chahun des”. (The fair one lies on the couch, black tresses scattered over the face, O Khusrau, go home now, for night has befallen over the world). 

Amir Khusrau is remembered as one of the founders of the syncretic traditions of Hindustani culture. Awarded the title ‘Tooti e Hind’, Nightingale of India, Khusrau was a prolific writer of ghazals, qasidas, mathnawis, rubais. Through his popular riddles, songs, melodies and poems, Amir Khusrau remains a household name in many parts of the world.  Creating many new ragas and fusing Indo-Persian melodies, the Sufi poet played a central role in the evolution of classical Indian music. The creation of the tabla and sitar are attributed to Khusrau. 

 

Historian Ziauddin Barani records in the Tareekh e Firoz Shahi, “Khusrau stands unequalled for the volumes of his writings and the originality of his ideas.”  Impacted by the spirituality and teachings of Hazrat Nizamuddin, Khusrau believed in affection between people of all faiths. Khusrau loved Hindustan, India, with all its fragrant flowers, fruits, vegetables, trees and animals and likened it to Paradise: “The heavens said that of all the countries which have come out of the earth, Among them it is Hindustan that has achieved the height of excellence”. 

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