New Delhi: More than 40 languages or dialects in India are considered to be endangered and is believed to be heading towards extinction as only a few thousand people speak them, officials said.
According to a report of the census directorate, there are 22 scheduled languages and 100 non-scheduled languages in the country which are spoken by a large number of people — one lakh or more.
However, there are around 42 languages which are spoken by less than 10,000 people. These are considered endangered and may be heading towards extinction, a home ministry official said.
A list prepared by Unesco has also mentioned about the 42 languages or dialects in India which are endangered and they may be heading towards extinction.
The Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages, another official said. Under the programme, grammatical descriptions, monolingual and bilingual dictionaries, language primers, anthologies of folklore, encyclopedias of all languages or dialects especially those spoken by less than 10,000 people are being prepared, the official said.
Apart from the 22 scheduled languages, there are 31 other languages which were given the status of official language by state governments and Union territories.
According to census data, there are 1,635 rationalised mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues and 22 major languages in the country....