BENGALURU: They know the ill-effects of bursting firecrackers on the environment and one’s health, but still people indulge in it year after year.
Exposure to cracker smoke, which contains toxic chemicals, brings with it a plethora of respiratory ailments such as asthma, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), wheezing, respiratory infections and exacerbation of bronchial asthma, sometimes leading to lung cancer. “Over the years, fireworks during Deepavali have impacted the 30-40% of the population with respiratory system related health issues,” stated a National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) report.
Firecrackers contain charcoal and a cocktail of toxic chemicals, and when burst, they releases a large number of pollutants into the air, mainly sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter that are dangerous to those afflicted with asthma and chemical sensitivities.
Patients suffering from COPD and other lung ailments are more likely to be develop discomfort due to cracker pollution and those who are already suffering from breathing problems are at a higher risk of facing further health complications.
Children and senior citizens are especially vulnerable. “Even after the Deepavali, toxic gases remain the air for the next two to three days. People with breathing discomfort are advised to stay indoors.
Using air filters can make some difference, while wearing masks will prevent one from inhaling particulate matter chemicals," said Dr Vivek Anand Padegal, Director, Pulmonology, Fortis Hospital....