Washington DC: A pro-inflammatory diet - which is replete in red, processed, and organ meat, among other foods - is associated with a higher risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression.
The study was presented at ASN Kidney Week 2018 at the San Diego Convention Center.
CKD progression can be accompanied by chronic inflammation. To examine whether pro-inflammatory diets might increase the risk of CKD progression, Tanushree Banerjee of University of California, San Francisco, and her colleagues studied a sample of 1,084 adults with CKD, where 11.1 per cent of the participants developed kidney failure over 14 years of follow-up.
The investigators found that individuals with pro-inflammatory diets had a higher risk of developing kidney failure. "These findings have implications for the prevention of kidney failure using dietary approaches with low inflammatory potential," said Dr. Banerjee. "Nutritional interventions that focus on reducing the inflammatory aspects of diet should be tested for halting the progression of CKD."
Foods that have been positively related to concentrations of inflammatory markers include tomatoes; carbonated beverages; vegetables other than green leafy and dark yellow vegetables; and processed meat, red meat, organ meat, and fish other than dark-meat fish....