Parents, take note! The type of snacks your child chooses may be determined by the genes, according to a study.
Researchers at the University of Guelph in Canada investigated whether genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet, fat and bitter tastes influence the snacks preschoolers choose.
They found that nearly 80 per cent of the participants carried at least one of these genotypes that could predispose them to poor snacking habits. These findings could help parents tailor their kids diets based on their genetics of taste.
"Kids are eating a lot more snacks now than they used to, and we think looking at how genetics can be related to snacking behaviour is important to understanding increased obesity among kids," said Elie Chamoun from the University of Guelph.
"This new research could help parents understand how their kids taste, and tailor their diet for better nutritional choices," Chamoun said.
The study, published in the journal Nutrients, entailed tracking the day-to-day diets of nearly 50 preschoolers and found that one-third of the kids diets were made up of snacks.
The researchers also tested the participants saliva to determine their genetic taste profile. They discovered that kids with a sweet tooth, who have the gene related to sweet taste preference, ate snacks with significantly more calories from sugar.
They also ate those snacks mostly in the evening. "Its likely these kids snacked more in the evening because thats when they are at home and have more access to foods with high sugar," said Chamoun.
The children with the genetic variant related to fat taste sensitivity were found to consume snacks with higher energy density.
People with this genetic variant may have low oral sensitivity to fat and therefore consume more fatty foods without sensing it, said Chamoun....