69th Day Of Lockdown

Maharashtra65168280812197 Tamil Nadu2024611313157 Delhi173877846398 Gujarat1635692321007 Rajasthan83654855184 Madhya Pradesh78914444343 Uttar Pradesh77014651213 West Bengal48131775302 Andhra Pradesh3461228960 Bihar3359120915 Karnataka292299749 Telangana2499141277 Jammu and Kashmir234190828 Punjab2197194942 Odisha17239779 Haryana172194019 Kerala120957510 Assam9361044 Uttarakhand493794 Jharkhand4621914 Chhatisgarh4471021 Chandigarh2891994 Tripura2711720 Himachal Pradesh223634 Goa70420 Manipur6060 Puducherry57230 Nagaland3600 Meghalaya27121 Arunachal Pradesh310 Mizoram110 Sikkim100
Lifestyle Health and Wellbeing 22 Jul 2018 Hypogonadism serious ...

Hypogonadism seriously affects women's quality of life, fertility

Published Jul 22, 2018, 2:36 pm IST
Updated Jul 22, 2018, 2:36 pm IST
If the body doesn't produce enough testosterone it can result in an impaired growth of the external sex organs.
(Photo: File)
 (Photo: File)

Androgen deficiency in males has twice the chances of developing a condition known as hypogonadism than in females.

People are unaware of a condition known as female hypogonadism and its symptoms can seriously affect women's quality of life.


The condition refers to the deficiency in the production of estrogen and progesterone by the ovaries. The symptoms include irregular or heavy periods, hair loss, depression and even ovarian cysts.

"The condition allows the body to only synthesize very limited amount of gonadotropin, whose low levels are associated with restricted secretion of testosterone thereby causing sperm production abnormalities, low sex drive, erectile dysfunction and ultimately male infertility," said Dr. Sagarika Aggarwal, IVF Expert, New Delhi.

Though signs and symptoms defer depending on the severity of hypogonadism, it can begin since fetal development, before puberty or even in the adulthood. 
During the fetal development, if the body doesn't produce enough testosterone it can result in an impaired growth of the external sex organs.

"Child genetically born as a male can develop female genitals, genitals that are neither clearly male nor clearly female or underdeveloped male genitals. In males, hypogonadism can delay puberty or even lack normal development. It can also lead to an impaired growth of body hair, penis, testicles and breast tissue. 
Other symptoms include Infertility, erectile dysfunction, decreased libido and fatigue," said Dr. Amol Lunkad, IVF expert from Pune.

In females, menstruation and ovulation are triggered by hormones such as oestrogens, luteinizing hormone, progesterone and follicle stimulating hormone. 
All the hormones are controlled by gonadotropins.

The low level of gonadotropins will affect the menstruation and ovulation. Both are important for the natural conceptions because, without egg produced during ovulation, it is not possible to conceive a child

Sex hormones also control the sex characteristics like breast development in women, testicular development in men, and pubic hair growth. These hormones also play a vital role in the menstrual cycle and sperm production.

A blood test is done to analyze the testosterone levels along with a sperm count test. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is done through gel and patch form and also available in an injectable form.