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Lifestyle Health and Wellbeing 14 May 2019 Watch out for signs ...

Watch out for signs of melanoma

ANI
Published May 14, 2019, 11:10 am IST
Updated May 14, 2019, 11:10 am IST
5 things you need to know about melanoma.
Sun exposure is an important factor in the development of melanoma, so it often appears on the face, neck, arms and torso. (Photo: Representational/Pexels)
 Sun exposure is an important factor in the development of melanoma, so it often appears on the face, neck, arms and torso. (Photo: Representational/Pexels)

Washington: In a recent study researchers have outlined five important points about malignant skin cancer called melanoma.

The study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) highlighted the following five points about melanoma.

 

  • Sun exposure is an important factor in the development of melanoma, so it often appears on the face, neck, arms and torso, where sun exposure is common.
  • Melanoma can also occur on areas with minimal sun exposure, such as palms and soles of the feet.
  • A specific mitogen-activated pathway is linked to mutations causing melanoma and genomic sequencing helps in identifying markers for diagnosis and treatment.
  • About 10 per cent of melanomas are challenging to diagnose as they may be pink, red, clear or normal skin-coloured.
  • Patients with any suspicious skin lesions should be referred to dermatology. Coloured lesions with any of the ABCDE criteria: asymmetric shape, irregular Border, colour variation, diameter greater than 6 mm (about the size of a pencil eraser) and evolution (change), should be considered suspicious.

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