Studies reveal that migraines aren't a static condition but evolve over time. They often begin in childhood or adolescence and gradually worsen. (Representational Image: DC)
Migraine is a widespread condition, impacting more than 10% of the global population, with the highest occurrence among individuals aged 20 to 50 years. Notably, it is approximately three times more prevalent in women than in men. In India, a staggering 213 million people were identified as migraine sufferers in 2019, and women reported a substantial 60% of these cases.
A new report indicates that the prevalence of migraine was higher in women aged 35–59 years than in men of the same age. Migraine and tension-type headache incidences rise with age, reaching their peak between 40 and 44. According to the findings of the report 'The Burden of Neurological Disorders Across Indian States: The Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2019,' headache disorders, including both migraine and tension-type headaches, arose as the leading neurological disorders in India in 2019. These conditions affected over 488 million people across the country, highlighting the substantial impact of these disorders on the population's health.
This clearly shows that migraines are more common than we may think, affecting a significant portion of the global population. According to a recent meta-analysis of over 357 publications, the prevalence rate of migraines stood at 14% in 2022, and this rate has been steadily increasing over the past three decades. It's a condition that doesn't discriminate based on age, gender, or background.
However, understanding how migraines vary across the lifespan can help us tackle this debilitating ailment more effectively.
Migraines and Age
Studies reveal that migraines aren't a static condition but evolve over time. They often begin in childhood or adolescence and gradually worsen. For women, the onset is typically linked to the start of menstruation, suggesting a connection with hormonal fluctuations, particularly estrogen and progesterone.
As individuals age, the clinical presentation of migraines changes, and the prevalence rate tends to decrease. However, the older population is more likely to suffer from secondary headaches, which often result from underlying health conditions or medication side effects.
As individuals enter their senior years, the frequency of migraines might decrease for some, while for others, the pattern of migraines may remain relatively consistent.
Migraines can manifest in various ways, but the most common symptoms include throbbing head pain that can affect one or both sides, nausea, sensitivity to light and noise, fatigue, and mood changes. Some individuals experience what's known as a "migraine with an aura." This involves witnessing unusual visual phenomena, such as bright light flashes, temporary loss of vision, and changes in the sense of smell or taste.
Homeopathy: A Gentle Approach to Migraine Treatment
In the quest for effective migraine treatment, homeopathy has emerged as a valuable option. Various homeopathic remedies can be tailored to address specific migraine symptoms and characteristics. For instance, when throbbing headaches strike suddenly, Belladonna can be a choice worth considering. Spigelia, on the other hand, is recommended primarily for those experiencing migraine headaches located on the left side of the head. If the pain is on the right side, Sanguinaria is the preferred remedy.
Homeopathy is an individualized form of medicine that considers your unique symptoms and constitution, so professional guidance is essential in finding the most effective and personalized solution for your migraine woes. However, it's crucial to consult a qualified homeopath for a personalized treatment plan.
Preventing Migraines at Home
In addition to seeking professional treatment, there are steps you can take at home to manage and prevent migraines.
Knowing what causes your migraines, whether it's certain meals, stress, or environmental factors, can help you avoid them.
Relaxation exercises like meditation, for example, can help lessen the frequency and severity of migraines.
It's critical to stay hydrated. Migraines can be triggered or exacerbated by dehydration.
Moderate physical activity can help lessen migraine incidence and severity.
When a migraine hits, finding a quiet spot with dim lighting can help.
Migraines are a complex and dynamic condition that evolves with age and can present in various ways. It is crucial to comprehend the distinctive requirements of various age groups and customize treatments accordingly. Homeopathy has shown promise in providing relief from migraines, but it should always be used under the guidance of a qualified homeopath. Additionally, taking steps to prevent migraines through lifestyle adjustments can significantly improve one's quality of life.
This article is authorised by Dr. Mukesh Batra, Chairman of Dr. Batra’s.