73rd Day Of Lockdown

Maharashtra77793336812710 Tamil Nadu2725614901223 Delhi250049898659 Gujarat18609126671155 Rajasthan98627104213 Uttar Pradesh92375439245 Madhya Pradesh87622772377 West Bengal68762768355 Bihar4452212028 Karnataka4320161057 Andhra Pradesh4112252971 Haryana3281112324 Telangana31471587105 Jammu and Kashmir3142104835 Odisha247814819 Punjab2415204347 Assam19894434 Kerala158969015 Uttarakhand115328610 Jharkhand7642975 Chhatisgarh6781892 Tripura6221730 Himachal Pradesh3691636 Chandigarh3022225 Goa126570 Manipur124110 Puducherry90330 Nagaland8000 Arunachal Pradesh3710 Meghalaya33131 Mizoram1710 Sikkim200
Lifestyle Health and Wellbeing 09 Feb 2018 Fertility preservati ...

Fertility preservation methods offer hope for cancer patients

ANI
Published Feb 9, 2018, 1:06 pm IST
Updated Feb 9, 2018, 1:06 pm IST
Learn more about some of the options and how it can help.
Fertility preservation methods offer hope for cancer patients. (Photo: Pixabay)
 Fertility preservation methods offer hope for cancer patients. (Photo: Pixabay)

New Delhi: Many cancer treatments affect the ability to become pregnant, temporarily or permanently.

Fertility preservation (FP) is an effort to retain the fertility of cancer patients, thereby improving their quality of life.

 

"Due to the tremendous rise in risk of cancer, it becomes essential to opt for preserving fertility. After the cancer treatment, a woman's body might recover naturally and produce mature eggs that can be fertilized. However, the medical team may recommend waiting for six months to two years before trying to get pregnant. The length of time depends on the type of cancer and the treatment used," said Dr. Priti Gupta Fertility & IVF Expert, First Step IVF Clinic, New Delhi.

Fertility Preservation Options:

* Egg freezing

Egg freezing is a well known method of preserving fertility in women. It might be a good choice for women who do not have a partner. For egg freezing, mature eggs are removed and frozen. Once the woman is ready to become pregnant, the eggs can be thawed, fertilized, and implanted in her uterus.

A new method of freezing called vitrification has made egg freezing more efficient and successful. Another alternative could be to freeze half the eggs and fertilize the rest with sperm from a donor and then freeze embryos.

* Embryo freezing

This is the most established and successful method of preserving a woman's fertility. Mature eggs are removed from a woman's ovaries and fertilized in the lab. This is called in-vitro fertilization (IVF).

Thousands of sperm are put in a sterile dish with each egg. Sometimes one sperm is injected into each egg .The embryos are then frozen to be used after cancer treatment. A woman will have a better chance of a successful pregnancy if several embryos are stored.

"For women who are less than 35, a single embryo transfer is the safest way of using IVF to get pregnant so as to avoid multiple pregnancies," said Gupta.

* Ovarian tissue freezing

This process involves removal of all or part of one ovary by laparoscopy. The ovarian tissue is usually cut into small strips, frozen, and stored. Ovarian tissue freezing lets women freeze a vastly larger number of immature eggs for future use. When frozen ovarian tissue is re-implanted into the body and regains its functions, immature frozen eggs within the tissue start developing normally.

Post cancer treatment, the ovarian tissue is placed in the pelvis. Once the transplanted tissue starts to function again, the eggs can be collected and fertilized. The ovarian tissue does take blood supply and she is to produce hormones after its transplanted.

* For women who are not fertile after cancer treatment

Donor egg is an option for women who have a healthy uterus but do not have any eggs. Egg donation is often a successful treatment for women who can no longer produce healthy eggs.

Also, any woman who has a healthy uterus can maintain a pregnancy by the utilizing the donor embryos.

...




ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT