According to a recent survey conducted by The Institute for Social and Economic Change, about four percent of Indian women experience menopause between the age of 29-34, and approximately eight percent in the 35-39 age group owing to a difference in the lifestyle.
However, typically menopause typically occurs between 49 and 52 years of age.
"During menopause, the estrogen levels in women drops thereby limiting the efficiency of the osteoblasts. As a result, the bones become weaker than men. Less estrogen reduces calcium absorption thus decreasing bone density causing reduction of overall bone mass. These pre-disposes women to a higher risk of orthopaedic ailments like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis (OA)," said Dr. Jatin Talwar, a professor.
Some women experience early menopause, which does not bode well biologically for their health.
This occurs on account of reasons varying from smoking, pre-existing thyroid disorders to chemotherapy and major pelvic surgeries.
Researchers observed that OA is more common in women as compared to men and its risk increases multi-fold after menopause, even if one is on hormone-replacement therapy.
Knowing what the body needs can help in keeping bones and joints healthy and away from common yet severe joint conditions.