Lifestyle Health and Wellbeing 01 Nov 2016 Zika virus may affec ...

Zika virus may affect male fertility: study

PTI
Published Nov 1, 2016, 1:14 pm IST
Updated Nov 1, 2016, 3:45 pm IST
Low sperm and hormone levels were associated with decreased fertility rates.
Zika virus can be sexually transmitted from person to person and through blood transfusion. (Representational Image)
 Zika virus can be sexually transmitted from person to person and through blood transfusion. (Representational Image)

Washington: Zika infection can break down and severely damage the animal's testes, according to a new study which suggests that the virus may affect male fertility.

Zika virus is largely transmitted to people through mosquito bites, the virus can also be sexually transmitted from person to person and through blood transfusion. It can be found in the semen of infected men, but the impact of Zika on the human male reproductive system is largely unknown, said researchers from the Washington University in the US.

 

Researchers infected male mice with a mouse-adapted African or Asian Zika virus strain, or with the related dengue virus. Every seven days, they examined samples of mouse testes to look for damage and tested cells from those organs for evidence of the virus. Although the closely related dengue virus did not appear to infect the testes of mice, researchers found that cells in the testes showed signs of Zika infection by day seven.

After 14 days, the testes visibly shrank in size. As Zika infection progressed, the seminiferous tubules where sperm is formed began to break down. Additionally, the researchers found that inflammatory cells mounted a response, which added to the damage caused by the virus.

 

After 21 days, the testes of mice infected by the African strain of Zika had shrunk substantially. By 42 days after infection, damage from the virus had cut the test animals' average motile sperm count by roughly three-fold, with some mice showing very low sperm counts. Furthermore, their levels of testosterone and inhibin b, hormones vital to regulating sperm production and testes
function, also fell.

Low sperm and hormone levels were associated with decreased fertility rates.
The scientists call the results "concerning," although it remains unclear what these findings in mice may mean for humans. Longitudinal studies of sperm function and viability in men who have experienced Zika infection are needed, the researchers conclude.

 

Whether these findings have any bearing on the potential impact of the virus on the reproductive health of infected men is unclear; however, the study findings suggest this is an important question to explore. The study appears in the journal Nature.

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