Merchandise exports continues to decline in August, trade deficit widens sequentially

In the month of August, merchandise exports stood at $22.70 billion as compared to $25.99 billion in August 2019

Merchandise exports continued to decline for the sixth straight month in August. While exports were down 12.6 per cent, imports fell by 26 per cent y-o-y. On a sequential basis, the trade deficit further widened in August, making the surplus in June a one-off event.

In the month of August, merchandise exports stood at $22.70 billion as compared to $25.99 billion in August 2019, exhibiting a negative growth of 12.66 per cent. In rupee terms, the negative growth was 8.33 per cent.

Gems and jewellery, petroleum products, man-made yarn, fabrics and made-ups, marine products and leather and leather products continued to see decline in shipments. The growth in shipments of rice, other cereals, iron ore, oil meals, oil seeds and drugs and pharmaceuticals did not help much in reducing the overall decline in exports.

Cumulative exports of $97.66 billion between April and August was 26.65 per cent down compared to $133.14 billion in the same period last year.

Imports stood at $29.47 billion, down by 26.04 per cent against $39.85 billion in August 2019. Crude and petroleum products, electrical and non-electrical machinery, coal and organic and inorganic chemicals continued to see decline in imports on a y-o-y basis. However, gold imports, as per reports, doubled in August against the same month last year.

Cumulative imports for the period April-August was $118.38 billion as against $210.39 billion during the same period last year, registering a negative growth of 43.73 per cent.

While the trade deficit for August at $6.77 billion narrowed against the deficit of $13.86 billion in August 2019, on a sequential basis the deficit widened. Trade deficit was $4.83 billion in July and the country had witnessed a rare surplus of $790 million in June.

This had been a one-off event due to contraction in both exports and imports. Once the crude oil and gold imports started recovering, the trade once again moved into deficit.

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