Afghan protest at beheadings puts pressure on Ashraf Ghani government

REUTERS
Published Nov 12, 2015, 3:20 pm IST
Updated Mar 27, 2019, 3:46 am IST
The Hazara are a Persian-speaking minority who have faced persecution in Afghanistan
Women march in the Afghan capital of Kabul with pictures showing ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban, calling for a new government that can ensure security in the country. Farsi posters carried by the protesters call for security
 Women march in the Afghan capital of Kabul with pictures showing ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban, calling for a new government that can ensure security in the country. Farsi posters carried by the protesters call for security

Kabul: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani appealed for calm after angry protesters from the ethnic Hazara minority tried to force their way into his Kabul palace on Wednesday to demand justice for seven members of their community beheaded by Islamist militants.

In one of the biggest demonstrations seen in Kabul in years, thousands of people marched through the Afghan capital to demand government action after the killers dumped the partially beheaded bodies of their victims earlier this week.

 

The coffins of ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban are carried during a protest march in the Afghan capital of Kabul. Written on the wall in Farsi reads: ‘I see you.’ (Photo: AP)

The murders, which the United Nations denounced as a potential war crime, have fuelled a growing sense of insecurity since the Taliban briefly seized control of the key northern city of Kunduz in late September.

Chanting "Death to Ghani, death to Taliban," the demonstrators marched 10 km (six miles) to the palace, bearing the green-draped coffins of the dead and demanding the president come out to face them with a response.

 

"The only way to prevent such crimes in the future is to take over all government offices until they wake up and make a decision," said Sayed Karim, 40, one of thousands who filled Mazari Square in western Kabul.

In a hastily arranged television address, Ghani, whose unwieldy national unity government has come under growing pressure because of deteriorating security, promised action but called for emotions not to spill over.

Protesters are reflected in a puddle as thousands march through the Afghan capital of Kabul, carrying the coffins of seven ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban and calling for a new government that can ensure security in the country. (Photo: AP)

 

"We are committed to avenging our countrymen's blood. We will spare no effort," he said, accusing the militants of stoking regional and ethnic tensions. But he added: "We must avoid reactions that end in anarchy."

At one stage, protesters attempted to scale the walls of a building near the palace, prompting police to fire warning shots to scatter the crowd.

Seven people were wounded, including five from bullet wounds, a spokesman for the public health ministry said.

SECTARIAN RISK

Besides swelling the daily toll of killings, the deaths of the seven Hazara, who included three women and two children, have heightened the risk of sectarian hatred further poisoning relations in a country made up of a patchwork of ethnicities.

 

The Hazara are a Persian-speaking, mainly Shia minority who have long faced persecution in Afghanistan, with thousands massacred by the Taliban and al Qaeda in the 1990s, but a series of murders and kidnappings this year has stoked a mood of growing despair.

Women march and try to get inside the Presidential Palace in the Afghan capital of Kabul as they hold up pictures showing ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban, calling for a new government that can ensure security in the country. Written on the poster in Farsi reads: "Government should end its silence against Taliban crimes". Afghan presidential guards opened fire on Wednesday to disperse thousands of protesters marching outside the palace compound in Kabul to denounce recent abductions and killings of seven members of the Hazara Shiite minority. (Photo: AP)

 

"This sends a very dangerous message to the people of Afghanistan, its government and its international allies," said Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi, speaker of the lower house of parliament. "This issue doesn't belong to a family, a tribe or an ethnic group, but it belongs to all Afghans."

The killings in the southern province of Zabul occurred amid fighting between rival Taliban factions and Islamic State militants that has underlined the risk of further fragmentation and reduced the chances of a resumption to stalled peace talks.

A woman shouts anti-President Ghani slogans near the Presidential Palace during an anti government protest in Kabul. Afghan presidential guards opened fire on Wednesday to disperse thousands of protesters marching outside the palace compound in Kabul to denounce recent abductions and killings of seven members of the Hazara Shiite minority. (Photo: AP)

 

Demonstrators said Hazara people were being killed every day on roads between Ghazni, Bamyan and Wardak provinces to the west of Kabul, where the hardline Islamist Taliban movement controls much of the countryside after international forces stopped most combat operations last year.

Besides blaming the Taliban and Islamic State, some Hazara took to social media to point the finger more generally at Pashtuns, Afghanistan's largest ethnic group from which Islamist movements recruit most of their followers.

A Hazara tribeswoman cries in a car as thousands march through the Afghan capital of Kabul, carrying the coffins of seven ethnic Hazaras who were allegedly killed by the Taliban and calling for a new government that can ensure security in the country. (Photo: AP)

 

"We're from this country," said a demonstrator who gave her name only as Sohaila. "We have to have the same rights as other citizens."

 

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