President Obama and PM Modi aim high on India trip

Modi, Obama likely to have one-on-one talk to break nuclear deal deadlock

New Delhi: In a fresh bid to make India an enduring strategic partner, US President Barack Obama lands in New Delhi on Sunday for a highly symbolic parade and to nurture friendship with a prime minister who until last year was persona non grata in Washington.

Obama will be the first US President to attend the Republic Day parade, a show of military might long associated with the anti-Americanism of the Cold War, and will host a radio show with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

His presence at Monday's procession at PM Modi's personal invitation is the latest revival in a roller-coaster relationship between the two largest democracies that just a year ago was in tatters.

"I'd like to think the stars are aligned to finally realise the vision (of) India and America as true global partners," President Obama said in an interview with India Today, a weekly magazine, published on Friday.

Read: President Obama to highlight India's true potential in Siri Fort address

The two sides have worked to reach agreements on climate change, taxation and defence cooperation in time for the visit. Talks on a hoped-for deal on civil nuclear trade went down to the wire with no clear solution at the weekend.

The United States views India as a vast market and potential counterweight to China's assertiveness in Asia, but frequently grows frustrated with the slow pace of economic reforms and unwillingness to side with Washington in international affairs.

India would like to see a new US approach to Pakistan.

"Particularly with regards to security, and we would like a much greater understanding with the United States with regards to regional issues," Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in Davos ahead of Mr Obama's visit.

Read: Civil nuclear deal, technology transfer, defence on Obama plan

Elected last May, Mr Modi has injected a new vitality into the economy and foreign relations and, to Washington's delight, begun pushing back against China's growing presence in South Asia.

Annual bilateral trade of $100 billion is seen as vastly below potential and Washington wants it to grow five-fold.

The White House said Mr Obama will depart slightly early from India to travel to Saudi Arabia following the death of King Abdullah, instead of a planned visit to the Taj Mahal.


Like President Obama, PM Modi rose from a modest home to break into a political elite dominated by powerful families. Aides say the two men bonded in Washington in September when Mr Obama took Mr Modi to the memorial of Martin Luther King, whose rights struggle was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi.

The "chemistry" aides describe is striking because Mr Modi's politics is considerably to the right of Mr Obama's, and because he was banned from visiting the United States for nearly a decade after the 2002 riots in Gujarat, the state he governed.

Mr Obama, the first sitting US President to visit India twice, also enjoyed a close friendship with Mr Modi's predecessor Manmohan Singh, who in 2009 staked his premiership on a controversial deal that made India the sixth "legitimate" atomic power and marked a high point in Indo-US relations.

In a reminder that personal chemistry is not always enough, under Mr Obama ties between Washington and India descended into bickering over protectionism that culminated in a fiery diplomatic spat and the abrupt departure of the US ambassador from New Delhi, who has only just been replaced.

"India and the United States are still some distance away from realising their objective of cementing a strong geopolitical affiliation," Ashley Tellis, a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said in a paper.

The 2008 nuclear deal, which failed to deliver on a promise of billions of dollars of business for US companies, is back on the agenda with bureaucrats meeting three times in the past six weeks to find a workaround to a tough Indian liability law.

"There's extraordinary potential in this relationship," Deputy National Security Advisor Ben Rhodes told reporters this week. "What we want to do is turn that potential into concrete benefits for both of our peoples."

Obama's itinerary for today

US President Barack Obama arrives at 10am.

Ceremonial welcome ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Obama to lay wreath and pay homage at Mahatma Gandhi memorial at Rajghat.

Bilateral discussions at Hyderabad House: The two leaders will first have a restricted meeting, followed by delegation-level talks over lunch.

PM Modi to host lunch for President Obama.

Meeting and dinner hosted by President Pranab Mukherjee.

( Source : reuters )
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