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A jewel in Indra’s net

Published Nov 4, 2014, 8:12 am IST
Updated Mar 30, 2019, 4:56 pm IST
Phenomena arise in it, but they are not disparate events

Imagine a net that stretches into infinity. On each of its nodes is studded a brilliant jewel. Every jewel reflects all the other jewels on the net, and is in turn reflected in them, thereby creating a phenomenon of a deep and irrevocable interconnectedness.

This Vedic metaphor of “Indra’s net” was used in Samkhya Darshan and later in Buddhist philosophy to demonstrate the nature of reality. Which in Samkhya is nonduality, and so the net though made up of a million and more jewels, is essentially an integrated field of consciousness.


Phenomena arise in it, but they are not disparate events. Rather, they form nodes in the same flow, the one continuum. In this oneness, creation unfolds.

According to the Buddhist perspective, Indra’s net expresses dependent origination pratitya samutpada in Sanskrit.

Briefly, one set of causes and conditions gives rise to another, and nothing exists without everything else that caused it to arise.

One jewel reflects all the others, and its own existence in turn is revealed in them. One cause leads to another and so on, thereby forming a reality where everything is conjoined and is ultimately dependent on everything else.


These profound ideas have been around for a while now, but the radically connective new technology of the last couple of decades has evolved new meanings for them.

What could be a better illustration of Indra’s net of interconnectedness than the worldwide web? Its tentacles reach out to cover almost the entire globe. Millions of nodes are logged into it, sending data back and forth along its pathways, creating a virtual prototype of the kind of interconnections that Indra’s net exemplifies.

Technology has increased the experience of connectedness in our daily lives. Yet, with vast amounts of connective information literally a touch away, there is a constant splintering of attention.


Conceptually, the worldwide web might be a good example of an integrated field. But our actual experience of it is anything but unitive.

Constant connectivity fractures our consciousness again and again, so we exist in many alternative mental realities at the same time. Any actual enrichment of the mind and heart is debatable.

What can we do to deal with this? One simple yet profound shift is to know that we use technology, and not the other way round. Human beings are not vehicles for technology to showcase its capabilities.

To use it mindfully, simply become aware. Switch off and prioritise the act of joyfully connecting with what can be seen, felt, heard, touched and smelled. To revitalise the links of interconnectedness, we must begin from where we are.


The ground beneath our feet, the water in our taps, the park in front of our homes, the rainwater that could be harvested, the garbage that could be ecologically disposed.

Where we are is our world in this moment. We could consciously choose to engage with it mindfully. And savour being a jewel studded in the net of Indra.

Swati Chopra writes on spirituality and mindful living. Her most recent book is Women Awakened: Stories of Contemporary Spirituality in India. Website: