New York: India has performed poorly in removing gender-based disparities, ranking 114 out of 142 countries in World Economic Forum’s 2014 gender gap index, scoring below average on parameters like economic participation, educational attainment and health and survival. India slipped 13 spots from its last year’s ranking of 101 on the Gender Gap Index by the World Economic Forum.
India is part of the 20 worst-performing countries on the labour force participation, estimated earned income, literacy rate and sex ratio at birth indicators. On the other hand, India is among the top 20 best-performing countries on the political empowerment subindex.The index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health criteria.
On the criteria of economic participation and opportunity, India was ranked 134. Its female to male ratio in labour force participation was 0.36. The disparity in estimated earned income was high with women earning $1,980 compared to $8,087 earned by their male counterparts. On educational attainment, India ranked 126 with female to male ratio in literacy rate at 0.68. On political empowerment subindex, India ranked an impressive 15.
The report suggests that, however, women are rapidly closing the gender gap with men in areas like health and education, inequality at work is not expected to be erased until 2095. Since 2006, women have seen their access to economic participation and opportunity inch up to 60 percent of that of men’s, from 56 per cent. “Based on this trajectory, with all else remaining equal, it will take 81 years for the world to close this gap completely,” the WEF said.