In pics: Survivors mark 72nd anniversary of Nazi Concentration Camp
From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe, where they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B.
From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe, where they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B.
An estimated 1.3 million people were sent to the camp, of whom at least 1.1 million died. Around 90 percent of those killed were Jewish; approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp
An estimated 1.3 million people were sent to the camp, of whom at least 1.1 million died. Around 90 percent of those killed were Jewish; approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp
Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Romani and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, 400 Jehovah's Witnesses, and tens of thousands of others of diverse nationalities.
Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Romani and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, 400 Jehovah's Witnesses, and tens of thousands of others of diverse nationalities.
In the course of the war, the camp was staffed by 7,000 members of the German Schutzstaffel (SS), approximately 12 percent of whom were later convicted of war crimes.
In the course of the war, the camp was staffed by 7,000 members of the German Schutzstaffel (SS), approximately 12 percent of whom were later convicted of war crimes.
The prisoners remaining at the camp were liberated on 27 January 1945, a day now commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
The prisoners remaining at the camp were liberated on 27 January 1945, a day now commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Nazi concentration camp survivor Alexander Bytschok of Kiev, Ukraine, mourns on a metal plaque during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany
Nazi concentration camp survivor Alexander Bytschok of Kiev, Ukraine, mourns on a metal plaque during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany
Nazi concentration camp survivor Petro Fedorowitsch Mischuk of Ukraine walks with a Ukrainian flag along the camp ground during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany
Nazi concentration camp survivor Petro Fedorowitsch Mischuk of Ukraine walks with a Ukrainian flag along the camp ground during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany
Former Nazi concentration camp survivors Alexander Bytschok of Kiev, Ukraine waits in his camp uniform from 1942 at the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of former Nazi concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora near Nordhausen, central Germany
Former Nazi concentration camp survivors Alexander Bytschok of Kiev, Ukraine waits in his camp uniform from 1942 at the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of former Nazi concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora near Nordhausen, central Germany
Former Nazi concentration camp survivor Marian Wach of Poland mourns between the flowers during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of former Nazi concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora near Nordhausen, central Germany
Former Nazi concentration camp survivor Marian Wach of Poland mourns between the flowers during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of former Nazi concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora near Nordhausen, central Germany